What can we learn from a service evaluation in a hospital low vision clinic?

Cirta Tooth discusses an analysis of the activities of a Scottish hospital low vision service and reflects on what lessons might be learned regarding the best approach to managing people with vision l...


Fundamentals of ophthalmic dispensing part 23: Presbyopia 1

In the first of two articles, Peter Black and Tina Arbon Black discuss explain the phenomenon of presbyopia and look at the challenges it presents when dispensing an appropriate correction (C 79653, s...


Essential contact lens practice – interactive 2

Bill Harvey introduces a new interactive CET exercise based on the recent Essential Contact Lens Practice series (C79550, one interactive distance learning CET point suitable for optometrists, contact...


Prosopagnosia: When a familiar face becomes a stranger

Cirta Tooth describes the causes of, challenges from and compensation for impaired face recognition (C79589, one distance learning CET point suitable for optometrists and dispensing opticians)...


Fundamentals of ophthalmic dispensing part 20: Personal eye protection 1

Eye injury remains a significant cause of monocular visual impairment, and blindness in monocular patients. This is the first of two articles in which Peter Black and Tina Arbon Black explore personal...


Fundamentals of ophthalmic dispensing part 19: Paediatric dispensing

Because of the potential to do harm, paediatric dispensing is a key skill and core competency for all dispensing opticians and optometrists – especially those that supervise others and ‘sign off’ chil...


Fundamentals of ophthalmic dispensing 18: Law and regulation 1

The sale of optical appliances is governed partly by ordinary consumer legislation and specifically through the Opticians Act and the various orders of the General Optical Council. Here Tina Arbon Bla...


Fundamentals of ophthalmic dispensing part 17: Visual task analysis 3

In this third article on visual task analysis Peter Black and Tina Arbon Black look at dispensing solutions to the visual problems in the real world of work, home and leisure activities, concentrating...


Fundamentals of ophthalmic dispensing part 16: Visual task analysis 2

In this second article on visual task analysis Peter Black and Tina Arbon Black look at dispensing solutions to the visual problems in the real world of work, home and leisure activities including asp...


Fundamentals of ophthalmic dispensing part 15: Visual task analysis 1

At its simplest level a visual task analysis can be considered an assessment of the interaction between a patient, their optical appliance and the visual elements of their environment – the things the...


Fundamentals of ophthalmic dispensing 14: Prismatic effects and binocular vision 2

The preceding two articles in this series have looked at the basics of prismatic effects, binocular vision and eye movements. Here Peter Black and Tina Arbon Black apply that knowledge to common dispe...


Fundamentals of ophthalmic dispensing part 13: Eye movements

In the second article focusing on binocular vision as an influence upon spectacle correction, Peter Black and Tina Arbon explain the anatomical basis of eye movement and how each eye moves relative to...